A United Nations report said that a global, latent and systemic problem such as drought may turn into the next epidemic, if different countries do not take urgent measures to solve the climate emergency situation.
According of the report data, which was published on the organization's website, at least one and a half billion people were affected by drought in the twenty-first century, and the economic damage estimated at about 124 billion dollars.
In the next few years, a large part of the world will suffer water reduction said Mami Mizutori, Special Representative of the Secretary-General at the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction. She explained that many people think, that drought affects only the desert regions of Africa, but in fact it is now widespread, and by the end of the century, and all countries will suffer from it.
The report notes that, changes in precipitation rain as a result of climate change are the main factor for drought, but inefficient use of water and land degradation from intensive agricultural activities also play an important role. In this regard, Mizutori called on the world's governments to reform the process of water extraction, storage and use, and Land use improvement.